Water ice while the stability regarding north and you can northeast Greenland floating glaciers

Water ice while the stability regarding north and you can northeast Greenland floating glaciers

Brand new communications anywhere between sea frost and glaciers might have been learned to have the floating tongue of Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). Pointers from glacial geological degree, trip profile, aerial pictures and satellite images is utilized to help you file new glacier side standing and punctual-freeze standards on the millennial so you’re able to decadal big date-scales. The research imply that the soundness of one’s drifting glacier margin is founded on the presence of a rescuing timely-frost security in front of the glacier. Within the symptoms with a long-term punctual-freeze shelter, no calving occurs, but shortly after timely-freeze crack-in the glacier reacts with a big calving craft, where numerous years of collected glacier-frost flux quickly vacation trips aside. Climate-induced alter out of sea-freeze criteria regarding Arctic Sea which have regular split-right up of your own near-shore quick frost may lead to disintegration of your drifting glaciers. The present dominant size losses from the bottom melting would after that so you can a large the quantity be studied over of the grounding-range calving out of icebergs. Neighborhood influx off water on north Greenland glaciers to the ocean might be quicker as well as the local iceberg development carry out boost.


Submarine and satellite-founded observations inform you a serious decrease in the amount and thickness out of the latest Snowy sea-frost safeguards over the last 20?3 decades ( Source Johannessen, Shalina and you will Kilometers Johannessen, 1999). In the event that proceeded, this may bring about a significantly different freeze-ocean-conditions techniques regarding the Snowy, because of the modifying temperatures and size transfers in addition to water stratification. This could dictate new glaciation of homes parts against this new Cold oceans due to transform out-of snowfall buildup and/or surface melting. not, alter of one’s near-coastline ocean-frost conditions might have a deeper impact on the fresh homes-depending glaciations. Fast ice is at expose popular along side rim of one’s Cold Ocean. In the major weather of north and you will northeast Greenland, punctual freeze could possibly get build-up in order to a significant occurrence and you may block access off fjords having s Wadhams, 1981), influencing the bulk equilibrium of one’s glaciers in the region. Today, of numerous outlet glaciers throughout the north and northeast Greenland circles out of the fresh Greenland ice sheet (inland frost) is described as expanded floating areas. This new partial-long lasting hornet bezplatná zkuÅ¡ební verze water-ice cover appears to cover the new floating glacier tongues and you may inhibits him or her off disintegrating. The top size losings regarding glaciers is via extreme bottom melting averaging numerous yards off freeze per year ( Resource Rignot, Gogineni, Krabill and you may Ekholm Rignot while some, 1997; Site Thomsen Thomsen while others, 1997; Resource Reeh, Mayer, Miller, Thomsen and you can Weidick Reeh while some, 1999a). The brand new resulting new-water-supply to your ocean most likely takes on a crucial role during the keeping brand new partial-long lasting timely-freeze safety prior to the glaciers ( Source Mayer, Reeh, Jung-Rothenhausler, Huybrechts and you can Oerter ).

Right now, losing by calving in the form of crack-up of your own front a portion of the glaciers for the kilometre-size of tabular freeze islands some tens away from yards thicker constitutes simply a part of the entire mass losings. The fresh new freeze islands float out of the glacier fronts on condition that neighborhood ocean frost holidays up, an uncommon knowledge and therefore under introduce weather happen at the intervals as high as numerous age ( Site Higgins Higgins 1989, Reference Higgins 1991).

Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden Glacier

Interaction between glaciers and you may water freeze might have been studied at Nioghalvfjerdsfjorden glacier, northeast Greenland (79°30’N, 22° W). The newest glacier concerns 80 kilometres much time and you will 21 km large halfway down their size, expanding so you can on the 30 kilometer in the main ice front. A north branch of your own glacier, 8 kilometer broad, drains to your fjord Dijmphna Sund west of Hovgaard 0 (Fig. 1). The fresh external ? six 0 kilometer of glacier are afloat, that have a great grounding part around the Greenland ice sheet near the new western department of the ice-dammed lake Blaso (Fig. 1).